Titan Submersible

LATEST NEWS: OceanGate Validates Titan To 4000 Meters >> Read More

Completed and launched in 2018, Titan was developed using the most advanced technology and state-of-the-art materials, making it lighter in weight and more efficient to operate than any other deep diving manned submersible. Coupled with a propriety launch and recovery platform, Titan is easy to mobilize and operate in varying sea states using an appropriately sized ship for the project. In coastal waters this means we do not need a large support ship with a crane or A-frame.

Major components of Titan's pressure hull.

The platform is comprised of rectangular ballast compartments and utilizes low-pressure air tanks, functioning much like a ship’s dry dock. With the submersible secured to the platform, dive crews can launch and recover the submersible by flooding the ballast tanks and submerging the entire integrated dive system to a depth of approximately 30 feet below the effects of surface waves. Once submerged, the pilot can disengage the locking mechanism, and the submersible can safely lift off of the platform to begin the dive

At the conclusion of a dive, the pilot docks the sub on the submerged platform, guided into position by integrated landing provisions. Once in position, the locking mechanism is engaged to secure the submersible on the platform. This can all be done without scuba divers. Once secured, a custom designed valve transfers air from the low-pressure air tanks to the ballast compartments to push the water out and bring the platform and submersible to the surface.

Titan inside OceanGate's HQ in Everett, Washington.

Innovation and Safety

The most significant innovation is the proprietary real-time hull health monitoring (RTM) system. Titan is the only manned submersible to employ an integrated real-time health monitoring system. Utilizing nine acoustic sensors and eighteen strain gauges co-located throughout the pressure boundary, the RTM system makes it possible to analyze the effects of changing pressure on the vessel, as the submersible dives deeper, and accurately assess the integrity of the structure. This onboard health analysis monitoring system provides early warning detection for the pilot with enough time to arrest the descent and safely return to surface.

"Safety is our number one priority," said Stockton Rush, OceanGate CEO. "We believe real-time health monitoring should be standard safety equipment on all manned-submersibles."

Titan is equipped with multiple 4K cameras, multibeam sonar for navigation, data tablets with a wireless connection to onboard computer systems, 50 thousand lumens of external light, a laser scanner and four electric thrusters for maximum maneuverability.

Titan is the second in the series of Cyclops-class submersibles. OceanGate has operated Cyclops 1 since 2015 in three oceans to depths of 500 meters. The OceanGate engineering and operations teams installed and integrated all electronics, navigation and life support systems. Most systems used on Titan have been in use for several years on Cyclops 1, OceanGate’s submersible with the capability to dive to depths of 500 meters.

Project Cyclops

Inside Titan.

Project Cyclops was born out of OceanGate’s appreciation for the complexity of subsea environments and the need for a diverse set of tools and technology to address operational requirements below 500 meters. Through strategic partnerships, OceanGate applies the latest advances in material science and technology from other industries to meet the challenges faced in exploration. With the majority of the ocean's seabed still unexplored, and as commercial and scientific entities continue to expand initiatives to access potential resources from the ocean seabed, OceanGate satisfies the demand for a practical subsea vessel capable of efficiently accessing these resources.

For more information, contact:

Bob Shuman *

General Specifications

5 persons (1 pilot + 4 crew)

4000 meters (13,124 feet)

6.7 meters x 2.8 m x 2.5 m
(22 feet x 9.2 ft x 8.3 ft high)

Crane Weight:
8,600 kg (19,000 lbs)

1,000 kg (2,200 lbs)

3 knots

Four Innerspace 1002 electric thrusters

Life Support:
96 hours for 5 crew

Design Specifications

  • Carbon fiber hull: 12.7 cm (5 in.) thick.
  • Viewport: Largest viewport of any deep diving submersible.
  • Servicing: 1 hour turn around
  • Ascent/descent rate:
    50 meters/min. (164 feet/min.)
  • Integrated launch/recovery system
  • Dome entry/exit