In January 2018, OceanGate completed construction of Titan, formerly known as Cyclops 2, a 5-person submersible designed to dive to depths of 4000 meters. Once validation testing is complete, Titan will be the only privately owned manned submersible in the world that is capable of reaching this depth.
With a depth range of 4,000 meters (13,000 feet), Titan will usher in a new era of increased access to the deep ocean for commercial exploration and research ventures. Titan will allow up to five crew members to dive to the ocean depths for myriad tasks and operations, including site survey and inspection, research and data collection, film and media production, and deep sea testing. Featuring the largest viewport of any deep diving submersible, state-of-the-art building materials, and a lightweight design.
Titan is comprised of two major components, a 5-man submersible and an integrated launch and recovery platform. The platform is comprised of rectangular ballast compartments and utilizes low-pressure air tanks functioning much like a ship’s dry dock. With the submersible secured to the platform, dive crews can launch and recover the submersible by flooding the ballast tanks and submerging the entire integrated dive system to a depth approximately 30 feet below the effects of surface waves. Once submerged the pilot can disengage the locking mechanism, and the submersible can safely lift off of the platform to begin the dive.
At the conclusion of a dive, the pilot docks the sub on the submerged platform, guided into position by integrated landing provisions. Once in position, the locking mechanism is engaged to secure the submersible on the platform. This can all be done without scuba divers. Once secured, an OceanGate custom valve is used to transfer air from the low-pressure air tanks to the ballast compartments to push the water out and bring the platform and submersible to the surface.
The most significant innovation is the proprietary real-time hull health monitoring (RTM) system. Titan is the only manned submersible to employ an integrated real-time health monitoring system. Utilizing nine acoustic sensors and eighteen strain gauges co-located throughout the pressure boundary the RTM system makes it possible to analyze the effects of changing pressure on the vessel as the submersible dives deeper and accurately assess the integrity of the structure. This onboard health analysis monitoring system provides early warning detection for the pilot with enough time to arrest the descent and safely return to surface.
Titan is equipped with multiple 4K cameras, multibeam sonar for navigation, data tablets with a wireless connection to onboard computer systems, 50 thousand lumens of external light, a laser scanner, and four electric thrusters for maximum maneuverability.
Titan is the second in the series of Cyclops-class submersibles. OceanGate has operated Cyclops since 2015 in three oceans to depths of 500 meters. The OceanGate engineering and operations teams installed and integrated all electronics, navigation and life support systems. Most systems used on Titan have been in use for several years on Cyclops 1, OceanGate’s submersible that can dive to depths of 500 meters. The first in-water validation test dives for Titan are currently taking place in the Puget Sound off the coast of Washington. Deep water dives are scheduled to be conducted in the Bahamas in April in preparation for the Titanic Survey Expedition scheduled to begin in June 2018.
Throughout a dive the air is recycled in a similar way as a spacecraft and the internal pressure remains at a constant one atmosphere – the same pressure we experience at sea level, decompression is not necessary during ascent.
Project Cyclops was born out of OceanGate’s appreciation for the complexity of subsea environments and the need for a diverse set of tools and technology to address operational requirements below 500 meters. Through strategic partnerships, OceanGate applies the latest advances in material science and technology from other industries to meet the challenges faced in exploration. With the majority of the ocean's seabed still unexplored, and as commercial and scientific entities continue to expand initiatives to access potential resources from the ocean seabed, OceanGate satisfies the demand for a practical subsea vessel capable of efficiently accessing these resources.
5 persons (1 pilot + 4 crew)
4000 meters (13,124 feet)
6.7 meters x 2.8 m x 2.5 m
(22 feet x 9.2 ft x 8.3 ft high)
8,600 kg (19,000 lbs)
1,000 kg (2,200 lbs)
Four Innerspace 1002 electric thrusters
96 hours for 5 crew